The north-western state, the main breadbasket of Asia's third-largest economy, had appeared immune to the wave of suicides by indebted farmers that has swept drier parts of India. Yet research shows that more than 2,000 farmers in Punjab kill themselves each year to escape the shame of chronic debts related to agricultural inputs, such as seed and pesticide, and falling incomes.
Official statistics say that 132 farmers in the Punjab killed themselves in the past five years. Most suspected suicides are attributed to natural causes or alcohol or drug abuse. Inderjit Singh Jaijee, a Chandigarh-based human-rights activist and former state legislator, states that up to 40,000 farmers have taken their lives in the past 20 years. Many of their families are left destitute, receiving no state support.
Punjab benefitted greatly in the Green Revolution, a movement in the 1960s to modernize agriculture with more utilization of fertilizer and pesticides. According to the FT article, "Policymakers stress the need to boost the agricultural economy, which supports the bulk of India's 1.2bn people."